Responsible Parenthood and Reproductive Health Act of 2012 (RA 10354)
1. What is the national policy and guiding principles on responsible parenthood and reproductive health
A. It is the duty of the government to protect and strengthen the family, and the right of couples to raise a family and make informed decisions about their family that are consistent with their preferences, convictions and the responsibilities of parenthood.
B. It is the constitutional duty of the government to protect the life of the mother and the unborn
C. The government guarantees and protects the rights of women, children and families to basic health care, which includes reproductive, maternal and child health
D. The government guarantees universal access to reproductive health care information and services without discrimination or bias
E. The government shall promote consistent policies and programs that fulfil the above duties and responsibilities, giving priority to poor client and enjoining the active participation of relevant civil society organizations and interest groups
2. How can the Department of Health (DOH) ensure that all have adequate access to family planning, especially the poor and those in remote areas?
A. The DOH with the help of the Local Government Units (LGUs) will ensure that public health facilities at the national, provincial, municipal and barangay levels are adequately equipped to provide the full range of safe and effective modern family planning methods as mandated by law.
B. It will ensure that emergency reproductive health services are available 24 hours a day. It will also ensure that public health workers are properly trained and accredited to deliver services that protect, promote and strengthen reproductive rights to all who have unmet needs for family planning
C. PhilHealth will cover serious and life-threatening reproductive health conditions among its benefits so the poor need not worry about expenses associated with treatment. Also essential family planning drugs and supplies will be included in government procurement
D. Mobile health care service vehicles may be provided to reach remote areas, and access to facilities and services by persons with disabilities will be improved
E. A nationwide public awareness campaign on reproductive health and rights will be launched to help the public make informed choices
3. Will the government force people to use contraceptives and have fewer children?
A. The government will make sure that people have adequate information about all their options when it comes to family planning so that they can decide for themselves based on their preference. Government will also ensure that the methods, supplies and services are available to those who want them but will never force anyone to act against his/her personal convictions.
B. The only exceptions is the provision of abortifacient drugs, which is prohibited; the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) shall determine which drugs are abortifacient based on scientific evidence
4. Will public health facilities now start performing abortions?
No. Abortion is illegal under Philippine Law.
5. Will private hospitals, health facilities and professionals be forced to provide family planning services even if they don’t want to?
The burden of responsibility to provide the full range of family planning services and supplies rest on government. However, the government will offer incentives to private and non-government groups to support the responsible parenthood and reproductive health program. If a private facility will not provide services and supplies on the basis of conviction, it has the duty to refer clients/patients to facilities that will.
6. How will information about reproductive health be provided to the public, especially adolescents?
Adolescents will be given reproductive health education through its integration in the public formal and non-formal education system. Couples will be given responsible parenthood information and instructions as a requirement for marriage.
7. Will sex and sexuality education promote promiscuity among the youth?
Reproductive health education includes making the youth aware of the risks of their engaging in sexual activity, as well as their options to protect themselves from those risks. Education will empower them to make informed choices and decisions.
8. What is a public health worker or health facility refuses to deliver information, services or supplies for family planning?
There are penalties stipulated for public officers and health care providers who refuse to deliver family planning information and services. There are also penalties for prohibiting or restricting others from performing these functions. Penalties include imprisonment, fines, suspension or termination from service.
Source: Implementing Rules and Regulation (IRR) of RA 10354